Stocks under pressure, retail earnings continue: What to know this week

The 2023 stock market rally is under pressure.

Inflation data last week that topped expectations — as well as a continued drop in optimism the Federal Reserve's rate hikes will end sooner rather than later — pressured the major indexes with the Dow logging a fourth-straight losing week and the S&P 500 and Nasdaq suffering their worst weeks of the year, losing 2.7% and 3.4%, respectively. The Dow endured its worst weekly performance since Sept. 2022.

In the week ahead, investors will remain keyed in on the retail sector, with results from Target (TGT) in focus after rival Walmart (WMT) issued a warning on the state of U.S. consumers last week.

On the economic data side, a crowded calendar of reports from the housing and manufacturing sectors — two areas of the economy which have most reflected the impact of policy tightening — is on tap along with a key measure of consumer confidence.

On Friday, the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) price index — the Fed's preferred assessment of how quickly prices are rising across the economy — showed prices rose 0.6% during the month of January and 5.4% over last year. On a "core" basis, which strips out volatile food and energy components, prices rose 0.6% for the month and at an annual clip of 4.7%.

The week marked a turning point in sentiment around inflation expectations and the path forward for interest rates.

The hotter-than-expected PCE index followed upside surprises to inflation this year from the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and producer prices, which showed the largest increases in several months to start the year.

"The bear market rally that began in October from reasonable prices and low expectations has morphed into a speculative frenzy based on a Fed pause/pivot that isn't coming," Morgan Stanley's top strategist Mike Wilson said in a note to clients last week.

Wilson's forecast sees the S&P 500 bottoming out at 3,000 this year. On Friday, the benchmark U.S. equity index closed at 3,970.

The Fed rate announcement is seen on a screen on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York City, U.S., February 1, 2023. REUTERS/Andrew Kelly"Investor optimism had already been hit by a slow puncture this week but it's deflating more rapidly as the latest data indicates that the work in taming inflation is far from over," Susannah Streeter, head of money and markets at Hargreaves Lansdown, said in a note.

Standout economic data releases in the week ahead include the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller Home Price Index, ISM's manufacturing PMI, and The Conference Board's consumer confidence reading for February.

On the corporate side, Target will release its fourth-quarter earnings results before market open on Tuesday with results from Costco (COST), Macy's (M), Dollar Tree (DLTR), and Kohl's (KSS) also featuring on the retail side.

Last week, Walmart's CFO John David Rainey said the "consumer is still very pressured, and if you look at economic indicators, balance sheets are running thinner and savings rates are declining relative to previous periods."

"We expect Target's results will look similar to Walmart's, with better-than-expected sales, more gross margin pressure than predicted, and solid opex leverage in the store," Jefferies analyst Corey Tarlowe said in a note. Tarlowe warned, however, Target is not "immune to consumer spending trends shifting to the more needs-based items and away from higher-priced and higher-margin discretionary categories."

Elsewhere on the earnings calendar, notable reports include Occidental Petroleum (OXY), Zoom Video (ZM), AMC Entertainment (AMC), Rivian Automotive (RIVN), and Dell (DELL) among others.

Economic CalendarMonday: Durable Goods Orders, January Preliminary (-3.8% expected, 5.6% during prior month); Durables Excluding Transportation, January Preliminary (0.1% expected, -0.2% during prior month); Non-defense Capital Goods Orders Excluding Aircraft, January Preliminary (0.0% expected, -0.1% during prior month); Non-defense Capital Goods Shipments Excluding Aircraft, January Preliminary (-0.6% during prior month); Pending Home Sales, month-over-month, January (1.0% expected, 2.5% during prior month); Pending Home Sales NSA, year-over-year, January (-34.3% during prior month); Dallas Fed Manufacturing Activity, February (-9.10 expected, -8.4 during prior month)

Tuesday: Advance Goods Trade Balance, January (-$91.0 billion expected, -$90.3 billion during prior month, revised to -$89.7 billion); Wholesale Inventories, month-over-month, January Preliminary (0.1% expected, 0.1% during previous month); Retail Inventories, month-over-month, January (0.5% during prior month); House Price Purchase Index, quarter-over-quarter, Q4 (0.1% during prior quarter); FHFA Housing Pricing Index, December (-0.1% during prior month); S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller 20-City Composite, month-over-month, December (-0.54% during prior month); S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller 20-City Composite, year-over-year, December (6.77% during prior month); S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller U.S. National Home Price Index, year-over-year, December (7.69% during prior month); MNI Chicago PMI, February (44.3 during prior month); Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index, February (-11 during prior month); Conference Board Consumer Confidence, February (108.5 expected, 107.1 during prior month); Richmond Fed Business Conditions, February (-10 during prior month); Dallas Fed Services Activity, February (-15.0 during prior month)

Wednesday: MBA Mortgage Applications, week ended Feb. 24 (-13.3% during prior week); S&P Global U.S. Manufacturing PMI, February Final (47.8 prior); Construction Spending, month-over-month, January (0.4% expected, -0.4% during prior month); ISM Manufacturing, February (47.9 expected, 47.4 during prior month); ISM Prices Paid, February (44.5 during prior month); ISM Employment, February (50.6 during prior month); ISM New Orders, February (42.5 during prior month); Wards Total Vehicle Sales, February (15.00 million, 15.74 million during prior month)

Thursday: Unit Labor Costs, Q4 Final (2.5% expected, 3.0% during prior quarter); Nonfarm Productivity, Q4 Final (1.5% expected, 1.1% during prior quarter); Initial Jobless Claims, week ended Feb. 24 (TK expected, 192,000 during prior week); Continuing Claims, week ended Feb. 18 (1.654 million during prior week)

Friday: S&P Global U.S. Services PMI, February Final (50.5 during prior month); S&P Global U.S. Services Composite PMI, February Final (50.2 during prior month); ISM Services Index, February (54.5 expected, 55.2 during prior month)

Earnings CalendarMonday: Groupon (GRPN), LendingTree (TREE), Li Auto (LI), Lordstown Motors (RIDE), Oak Street Health (OSH), Occidental Petroleum (OXY), Workday (WDAY), Zoom Video (ZM)

Tuesday: AMC Entertainment (AMC), AutoZone (AZO), Cracker Barrel (CBRL), Compass (COMP), Duolingo (DUOL), GoodRx (GDRX), HP (HP), J.M. Smucker (SJM), Manchester United (MANU), Monster Beverage (MNST), Norwegian Cruise Line (NCLH), Rivian Automotive (RIVN), Ross Stores (ROST), SeaWorld Entertainment (SEAS), Urban Outfitters (URBN), Virgin Galactic (SPCE), Warby Parker (WRBY)

Wednesday: Abercrombie & Fitch (ANF), Dollar Tree (DLTR), Jack In The Box (JACK), Kohl's (KSS), Lowe's (LOW), Nio (NIO), Okta (OKTA), Royal Bank of Canada (RY), Salesforce (CRM), Snowflake (SNOW), Tupperware (TUP), Wendy's (WEN)

Thursday: Best Buy (BBY), Big Lots (BIG), Costco Wholesale (COST), Dell (DELL), Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), Hormel Foods (HRL), Kroger (KR), Macy's (M), Marvell Technology (MRVL), Nordstrom (JWN), Six Flags (SIX), Utz Brands (UTZ), Victoria's Secret (VSCO), VMware (VMW)

Friday: Hibbett (HIBB)

Alexandra Semenova is a reporter for Yahoo Finance. Follow her on Twitter @alexandraandnyc

Click here for the latest trending stock tickers of the Yahoo Finance platform

Click here for the latest stock market news and in-depth analysis, including events that move stocks

Read the latest financial and business news from Yahoo Finance

Download the Yahoo Finance app for Apple or Android

Follow Yahoo Finance on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Flipboard, LinkedIn, and YouTube
Click Here To Get Funded!