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Analysis: The Fed's war on inflation may take the US economy down with it

The Fed's war on inflation may take the US economy down with it



NFT collapse, inflation 'pain,' and Serena's next play. Welcome to 'Nightcap'ReplayMore Videos ... (16 Videos)NFT collapse, inflation 'pain,' and Serena's next play. Welcome to 'Nightcap'Why Elizabeth Holmes is asking for a new trialNewly-revealed text from Musk to his banker may help Twitter's case against himWhat the Fed Chair's warning about economic 'pain' means for AmericansThe marketing power of Serena Williams, explainedNo one seems to want NFTs anymore. Here's whyWhat the Twitter whistleblower means for Musk'Quiet quitting' isn't actually about quittingPandemic-era bike boom goes bust'I'm buying Manchester United': Elon Musk's tweet causes a stirElon Musk wants to end traffic. The company he built to do it may not deliverThinking of buying an electric car? Industry expert explains who should buy and who should waitInflation is cooling but prices are still painfully high'I Wanna Be the Next SNL Cast Member!' creator Jake Novak speaks outIs J.Crew cool again? These trend-watchers aren't so sureWhy the public wants Congress to stop trading stocksThis story is part of CNN Business' Nightcap newsletter. To get it in your inbox, sign up for free, here.New York (CNN Business)Tuesday's inflation reading wasn't what anyone was hoping for.

The consumer price index rose 8.3% in August year-over-year, down slightly from July but more than the 8.1% economists had expected. If you take out the price of food and energy, core prices rose 0.6% from July to August — double what economists had forecast.The surprisingly ugly CPI report undercut investors' confidence and sent markets tumbling. The Dow fell more than 1,200 points, or 4%, while the S&P 500 and Nasdaq plummeted 4.3% and 5.2%. It was Wall Street's worst day since June 2020. And, as the last major economic data release before next week's Federal Reserve policy meeting, Tuesday's report all but guaranteed the central bank will announce another meaty interest rate hike. Let's step back: All of this is bad news for consumers, who are being hit with a quadruple-whammy of financial pain — inflation is eating into everyone's wallet; higher interest rates are making it harder to borrow money; wages are mostly flat; and 401(k)s are a shambles as the market sinks. Read More(Oh, and in case you missed last night's newsletter, there's a looming freight rail worker strike at the end of this week that could further strain supply chains and push prices up.) The Fed's been raising rates for the past six months, and it's still far from its inflation target of around 2%. At this point, is it time to acknowledge that the pricing problem is simply too big and gnarly for the central bank to fix on its own?The short, not-super-satisfying answer: Probably. The big-picture problem here is that no one — no matter what they claim in their Twitter hot takes or in their endless commentaries on TV — actually knows what to do here, in this wacky economy that's been throttled by unprecedented shocks. Like, raising interest rates should slow demand, sure. But ending the war in Ukraine would be a bigger help (on so many levels). The Fed can't do that. Untangling supply chains would also be nice. (Also not the Fed's jurisdiction.) Eliminating Covid and stopping climate change couldn't hurt. (I wish Jay Powell could swoop in, snap his fingers to make that happen, but, sadly, he cannot.) "The economy is in a very unusual place, and some of this may be the result of a very unusual pandemic," says David Wessel, a senior fellow in Economic Studies at Brookings and director of the Hutchins Center on Fiscal and Monetary Policy. But this isn't even close to the crisis that the Fed faced in 2007 and 2008, when the financial system fell apart and the Great Recession took hold. "We have a very strong labor market, strong consumer demand and high inflation," Wessel says. "The Fed has to raise interest rates. And the fact is that it doesn't appear to have raised them sufficiently to slow the economy yet."So, what'll the Fed do next?Tuesday's report is piling on a sense of urgency to get inflation under control by any means necessary. Most observers expect Jay Powell to announce yet another three-quarter-point hike, though the odds of a full-point hike — pretty much unthinkable before this week — aren't insignificant. Nomura economists on Tuesday adjusted their forecast for the Fed's September meeting from a 0.75 percentage point hike to a full 1-point hike, writing that "a more aggressive path of interest rate hikes will be needed to combat increasingly entrenched inflation," according to Bloomberg. Investors are pricing in a 22% chance of a full-point move next week, according to the CME Group's Fed Watch tool.In any case, the recipe for the Fed is to stay the course and keep raising rates, which should eventually bring prices down as consumers and businesses get put off by higher borrowing costs. But it looks more and more likely that the Fed will only be able to do that by smothering demand so much that the economy crashes into a recession, a la Paul Volcker in the early 1980s. Powell and company are making a calculated bet that the short-term pain of a recession is preferable to the long-term pain of letting inflation run rampant. READ MORE: Grocery prices have surged 13.5% over the past year, the largest increase since 1979. Egg prices are up nearly 40%. Flour, 23%. Milk and chicken cost about 17% more.NUMBER OF THE DAY: $1.2 BILLIONBritain's royal wills are kept under lock and key, so the full extent of Queen Elizabeth II's personal wealth will remain a family secret indefinitely. But one thing we do know is that Prince William, who is next in line for the British throne, is now a much wealthier man. The future king inherits from his father, King Charles III, the private Duchy of Cornwall estate, a sprawling portfolio of almost 140,000 acres, worth around £1 billion ($1.2 billion).TWITTER TESTIMONYDown in DC, Congress got an earful from Twitter's former head of security who is now publicly speaking out about what he sees as serious security vulnerabilities — just one of the many twists complicating the company's courtroom battle with Elon Musk. During a wide-ranging hearing that lasted more than two hours, Twitter whistleblower Peiter Zatko testified about his concerns. If you, like me, spent the day pouring over the CPI report (or whatever) and missed the hearing, fear not. My colleague Clare Duffy has curated some highlights. And if these doesn't inspire someone at HBO or Netflix or Hulu to option a 13-episode series on the whole saga, I don't what will:First up, spies: Twitter is extremely vulnerable to being exploited by agents of foreign governments, Zatko said. At one point in his tenure at the company, Zatko said he raised concerns with an executive that he was confident a foreign operative was on the payroll. The response from the executive, according to Zatko, was: "Well, since we already have one, what is the problem if we have more? Let's keep growing the office." Fines, shmines: Zatko said that Twitter has more or less shrugged at threats from US regulators, expecting to pay one-time fines or penalties in response to any legal violations by the company. Those fines were priced in to its business, he said.User data: Zatko detailed some of the personal information Twitter collects on users, including phone numbers and emails, IP addresses and the locations from which users access the platform. He also alleged that Twitter doesn't fully understand all of the user data it collects, why it is collected or where it is stored.Just ... wow: Zatko posed a scary hypothetical: "It's not far fetched to say a Twitter employee could take over the accounts of all of the senators in this room." Twitter responded by reiterating its earlier dismissal of Zatko's claims, which were first reported last month by CNN and the Washington Post. "Today's hearing only confirms that Mr. Zatko's allegations are riddled with inconsistencies and inaccuracies," a Twitter spokesperson said in a statement to CNN.The company declined to respond directly to a list of specific allegations by Zatko, including about the company's purported inability to detect whether foreign agents are on its payroll and claims that the FBI has warned Twitter it may have had at least one Chinese agent in the company. Meanwhile, Twitter shareholders on Tuesday voted in favor of Elon Musk's $44 billion takeover deal, as was widely expected.Enjoying Nightcap? Sign up and you'll get all of this, plus some other funny stuff we liked on the internet, in your inbox every night. (OK, most nights — we believe in a four-day work week around here.)


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